series
Ceciliae

series
Fulvae

series
Oblongisporae

series
Penetratrices

series
Submembranaceae

series
Vaginatae

stirps
Aurea

stirps
Coacta

stirps
Crassiputamen

stirps
Friabilis

stirps
Groenlandica

stirps
Ovalispora

stirps
Populiphila

stirps
Protecta

stirps
Pudibunda

stirps
Punctata

stirps
Rooseveltensis

stirps
Velosa

total names :: 273
this list has been sorted: VIEW ALL
nom. prov. :: 79
accepted :: 42

cryptonom. temp. :: 144
sensu :: 3

undefined :: 2
insuff. known :: 3

(incomplete) :: 273

 


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A

Amanita alaskensis Tulloss, Kudzma, Geml & Kranabetter nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita albemarlensis Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita albidostipes Yang-Yang Cui, Qing Cai, Zhu L. Yang (incomplete)
Amanita alligator Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita alseides Hanss (incomplete)
Amanita audubonensis Tulloss, Kudzma & Wiedenfeld nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita aureosorora Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita aurorae Tulloss, R. L. Pastorino, S. D. Russell & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)

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B

Amanita bablerensis Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita batonrougensis Tulloss, Kudzma & Wiedenf. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita bellulasinusmexicani Tulloss, Pastorino and S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita bensonensis Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita betulae Neville & Poumarat (incomplete)
Amanita bleakwoodensis Tulloss, D. P. Lewis, and S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita blueridgensis Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita brunneoprocera Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita brunneosquamata Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita brunneoumbonata Thongbai, Raspé & K.D. Hyde (incomplete)

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C

Amanita calida Illescas & Plaza (incomplete)
Amanita calisorora Tulloss, S. D. Russell & D. Viess nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita carolinensis Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita castellae Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita cattaraugana Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita cetovenoris Tulloss, Gulden & Voitk nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita changtuia Yang-Yang Chui, Qing Cai, & Zhu L. Yang (incomplete)
Amanita chiui Yang-Yang Cui, Qing Cai & Zhu L. Yang (incomplete)
Amanita chocoana Wartchow in Wartchow and Gamboa-Trujillo (incomplete)
Amanita cingulata J. W. Liu & Zhu-L. Yang (incomplete)
Amanita cinnamomea Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita cladaroadelphe nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita clarionensis Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita collisus Tulloss, Kudzma, Wasilewski, Yeager, & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita constrictisorora Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita coprinopsoides Tulloss, Kudzma & Pastorino nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita cornelii Mehmood, K. Das, Iqbal Hosen, Tulloss,& R. P. Bhatt (incomplete)
Amanita coryli Neville & Poumarat (incomplete)
Amanita cyclops Tulloss, Kudzma & Wasilewski nom. prov. (incomplete)

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D

Amanita degroveitibial1s Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita dhakuriana ?? in Mehmood et al. 2018. Phytotaxa 367(3):??, figs. ??. (incomplete)
Amanita domingensis Angelini & Vizzini (incomplete)
Amanita drummondii E. M. Davison (incomplete)

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E

Amanita elongatior Lamoureux nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita emodotrygon Mehmood, Tulloss, K. Das, Iqbal Hosen, & R. P. Bhatt (incomplete)

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F

Amanita ferrarii Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita finisprovinciae Tulloss and S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita flavidocerea Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita flavidogrisea Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita flavosorora Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita fragilis Kudzma & Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita fulvoides Neville & Poumarat (incomplete)
Amanita fuscozonata Lamoureux nom. prov. (incomplete)

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G

Amanita georgiensis Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita glarea S. Jabeen, M. Kiran & Sadiqullah (incomplete)
Amanita glenosomma Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita griseostrobilacea S.T. Ndolo Ebika, N.S. Yorou & Attibayeba (incomplete)
Amanita griseoumbonata Yang-Yang Cui, Qing Cai & Zhu L. Yang (incomplete)

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H

Amanita hahatonka Tulloss, Kudzma & P. Harvey nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita halleniana Tulloss, S. D. Russell et al. nom. prov. (incomplete)

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I

Amanita ifeifensis Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Alofe nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita insinuans Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita instannea Tulloss, Kudzma, & States nom. prov. (incomplete)

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J

Amanita jakeslandingensis Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita justicei Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)

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K

Amanita kinkybranchensis Tulloss, S. D. Russell et al. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita kryorhodon Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita kundabungii Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)

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L

Amanita labiliannulus Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita lewisii Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita lindgreniana Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita lippiae Wartchow & Tulloss (incomplete)
Amanita lividella Lamoureux nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita lividopallescens (Secr. ex Boud.) Kühn. & Romagn. (incomplete)
Amanita lividopallescens sensu Boudier sensu (incomplete)
Amanita longicuneoides Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita luteoparva Thongbai, Raspé & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita luteoparva undefined (incomplete)
Amanita luzernensis Tulloss, Kudzma & Wasilewski nom. prov. (incomplete)

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M

Amanita madagascariensis L. P. Tang, Zhu L. Yang & B. Buyck (incomplete)
Amanita mansehraensis Saba, Haelew. & Khalid (incomplete)
Amanita minnesorora Tulloss and Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita myrmeciae Tulloss, Kudzma & Albertella nom. prov. (incomplete)

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O

Amanita oakmanensis Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita obconicobasis Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita ochraceomaculata Neville, Poumarat & Fraiture (incomplete)
Amanita oldwickensis Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita olivovaginata S. Ullah, Tulloss & A. N.. Khalid (incomplete)

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P

Amanita pahasapaensis Tulloss, Kudzma, Gerenday & A. E. States nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita pakimpondensis Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita paludosa Bulyonk., Filippova & O.V. Morozova (incomplete)
Amanita pascagoula Tulloss et al. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita pastorinoi Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita penetrans Tulloss, Kudzma, S. Russell et al. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita penetratrix Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
stirps Petersenii undefined (incomplete)
Amanita petroleum Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Wiedenfeld nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita pini Neville & Poumarat insuff. known (incomplete)
Amanita praelongipes Kärcher & Contu (incomplete)
Amanita pseudofulva Lamoureux nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita pseudoinsinuans Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Wiedenfeld nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita pseudopenetrans Tulloss, Kudzma, S. D. Russell and J. Wm. Dawson nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita punctata sensu A. E. Wood sensu (incomplete)

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R

Amanita rhacopus Lamoureux ex Lamoureux in Lambert et al. (incomplete)
Amanita rhodinsulae Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita rooseveltensis Tulloss, Kudzma, Wasilewski & S.D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)

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S

Amanita salmonriverensis Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita saltpointensis Tulloss, Pastorino & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita sarahae Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita schaefferi Neville, Poumarat & D. Rémy insuff. known (incomplete)
Amanita scutum Tulloss and S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita semiobruta Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita sharkriverensis Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita sichotensis (incomplete)
Amanita simulans Contu (incomplete)
Amanita spadicea Pers. (incomplete)
Amanita stannea A. H. Sm. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita subaurorae Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita subbasiana nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita subfuliginosa Neville, Poumarat & S. Bottoni insuff. known (incomplete)
Amanita suborientifulva Raspé, Thongbai & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita subovalispora Thongbai, Raspé, & K. D. Hyde (incomplete)
Amanita subvaginata sensu A. E. Wood sensu (incomplete)
Amanita sylviae Tulloss et al. nom. prov. (incomplete)

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T

Amanita tenacipulvis Wartchow (incomplete)
Amanita thria Tulloss & Kudzma nom. prov. (incomplete)

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V

Amanita vaginata (Bull. : Fr.) Lam. (incomplete)
Amanita variicolor Lamouruex ex Lamoureux in Lambert et al. (incomplete)
Amanita vulpecula Tulloss nom. prov. (incomplete)

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W

Amanita wasilewskii Tulloss & S. D. Russell nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita waterlooensis Tulloss, Kudzma & P. G. Harv. nom. prov. (incomplete)
Amanita williamsiae Tulloss, Kudzma & J. L. Horman nom. prov. (incomplete)

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SP-

Amanita sp-21 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-58 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-60 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-61 Tulloss, Kudzma & Wasilewski cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-65 Tulloss, S. D. Russell, ? cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-A06 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-A12 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ALB01 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Arora-00-303 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Arora-00-378 Tulloss and Arora cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Arora-01-550 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS08 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS09 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS10 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS11 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS13 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AUS19 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AZ03 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AZ14 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AZ15 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AZ31 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-AZ32 Tulloss, S. D Russell & T. A. Clements cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-C25 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-C29 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-C32 Tulloss, Pastorino, S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CO01 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-constricta01 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-constricta04 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Corner-&-Bas-4 Corner & Bas cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Corner-&-Bas-5 Corner & Bas cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Corner-&-Bas-6 Corner & Bas cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CR02 Tulloss, Halling, & G. M. Muell. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CR04 Tulloss, G. M. Muell. & Halling cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CR09 Tulloss & Halling cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CR16 Tulloss & Halling cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-CROAT01 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DEUT02 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DEUT03 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DEUT04 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DEUT05 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DR01 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-DR02 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-F19 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-F21 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-GSM02 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-GSM03 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-GSM04 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-GSM06B Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-HON08 Tulloss & G. M. Muell. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-HON11 Tulloss & G. M. Muell. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ID01 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-IL01 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-IN02 Tulloss, Kudzma & F. K. Buckley cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-IN03 Tulloss, S. D. Russell, & F. K. Buckley cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ITAL01 Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ITAL02 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ITAL08 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-KY01 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-KY02 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-KY03 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-KY04 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-LA02 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-LA03 Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Weidenf. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-LA04 Tulloss, S. D. Russell & Weidenf. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-longicuneus04 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-M04 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-M06 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-M12 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-M13 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-M25 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Madagasc01 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-McAdoo-358-1 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MN03 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MO04 Tulloss et al. cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MO06 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MO08 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MO09 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-MO10 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N24 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N27 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N28 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N30 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N32 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N33 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N40 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N41 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N44 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N48 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N49 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N52 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N54 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N61 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N63 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N66 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-N68 Tulloss, Kudzma, and S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL02 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL08 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL09 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL10 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL11 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NFL12 Tulloss & L. V. Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NM02 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NM06 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NM08 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NOR02 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NW05 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NW09 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NW11 Tulloss, J. E. Lindgr. & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-NW12 Tulloss, Lindgren & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ONT03 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-OR01 Tulloss & Pastorino cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-OR02 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-OR03 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-PORT03 Tulloss, Kudzma & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-PORT04 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-QUE03 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-QUE04 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Ridley-pekeoides-friable-volva cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-Ridley-pekeoides-white cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ROSS01 Bulyonk., Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-ROSS02 Bulyonk., Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S07 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S11 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S12 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S13 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S14 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S16 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-S18 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T05 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T30 Tulloss & J. Justice cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T35 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T37 Tulloss & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T38 Tulloss & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T39 Tulloss & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T40 Tulloss & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T42 Tulloss & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T44 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T48 Tulloss, Kudzma, S. D. Russell & D. P. Lewis cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-T49 Tulloss & S. D. Russell cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-UTTAR01 cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-V03 Tulloss cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-WI01 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
Amanita sp-WI03 Tulloss & Kudzma cryptonom. temp. (incomplete)
**new** see as sporograph
**new** map of collections
Type species: Amanita vaginata (Bull. : Fr.) Lam.
[&equiv:Agaricus vaginatus Bull. : Fr. (1821)




Amanita sect. Vaginatae comprises all and only those taxa of subgenus Amanita that

  1. have the basidiome deveoping approximately centrally in the primordium and have a totally elongating (bulbless) stipe;

  2. lack or have very few clamp connections at the bases of basidia.

In addition to the defining characters above, all known taxa of this section are originally covered entirely in a volva (universal veil) that ranges from nearly pulverulent to friable to submembranous to membranous.  Among the taxa with universal veils that are not submembranous or membranous, several are now known to have bright colored pigments (e.g., yellow, orange, or red) in their universal veils at least early in development.   A number of taxa with non membranous universal veils, have such veils becoming gray or a sordid form of their original color with exposure to air and aging.  In the same taxa, the lamellae may also become sordid with age.  Taxa with strictly membranous universal veils, may have rusty, ochraceous, or some other color of staining on the external surface of their saccate volva.

The supraspecific subdivisions provided for this section should all be considered provisional (in most cases the names are not published).   The systematics of the section is under study morphologically and genetically by RET and a growing number of other researchers.   The subdivisions presented at the present time will undoubtedly be subject to extensive revision.

sample taxa







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