Fruiting bodies of Amanita pallidocarnea
are small to medium-sized. The cap is 40 - 80 mm
wide, convex to applanate, slightly umbonate at disc,
dark grey to dark brown over disc, becoming grey, greyish
brown to yellowish towards the margin, glabrous or
covered with a few dirty white, felty to membranous
volval remnants; the margin is tuberculate-striate (30%
to 50% of the radius) and non-appendiculate; the context is white to pinkish.
The gills are free, rose to flesh-colored; and the short gills are truncate.
The exannulate stem is 60 - 130 × 5
- 15 mm, subcylindric or slightly attenuate upwards, with
its upper half pink and covered with pink fibrillose
squamules and its lower half paler. The stipe lacks a
basal. The volva on the stipe base is saccate and
measures 2 0- 40 × 15 - 25 mm; both its outer and inner
surfaces are white.
Spores measure (8.5-) 9.0 - 12.0
(-14.5) × 8.0 - 11.0 (-14.0) µm and are globose to
subglobose and inamyloid. Clamps are absent from the
bases of basidia.
Amanita pallidocarnea was originally described from Indonesia. It is also found in
tropical China.—Zhu L. Yang
≡Amanitopsis vaginata var. pallidocarnea ("pallido-carnea") Höhn. 1914. Sitzb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Nat. Kl. Abt. I. 123: 74.
The editors of this site owe a great debt to Dr. Cornelis Bas
whose famous cigar box files of Amanita nomenclatural information
gathered over three or more decades were made available to RET for computerization
and make up the lion's share of the nomenclatural information presented on this site.
The following text may make multiple use of each data field.
The field may contain magenta text presenting data from a type study
and/or revision of other original material cited in the protolog of the present taxon.
Macroscopic descriptions in magenta are a combination of data from the protolog and
additional observations made on the exiccata during revision of the cited original
The same field may also contain black text, which is data from a revision of the present
taxon (including non-type material and/or material not cited in the protolog).
Paragraphs of black text will be labeled if further subdivision of
this text is appropriate.
Olive text indicates a specimen that has not been
thoroughly examined (for example, for microscopic details) and marks other places in the text
where data is missing or uncertain.
The following material is based entirely on (Yang 2001).
Basidiome small to medium-sized.
40 - 60 mm wide, convex to applanate, slightly umbonate, dark grey to dark brown over disc [fuscous to fuscous-black to Benzo brown; 5E4, 6E4], becoming gray to grayish brown [hair brown to drab to cinnamon-drab; 6D3, 6D4] toward the margin; context white; margin striate (0.3 - 0.5R), non-appendiculate; universal veil absent or sometimes as small, felted to submembranous, dirty white, fragments.
free, crowded, pink [flesh pink; 8A2, 8A3, 9A2, 9A3], up to 5 mm broad; lamellulae truncate to subtruncate, in 1 - 2(-3) ranks, evenly distributed.
60 - 100 × 5 - 15 mm, subcylindric or slightly tapering upwards, with apex slightly expanded, pinkish, below apical region covered with fine pink [flesh pink to orient pink; 9A2, 8A2] squamules, becoming fibrillose and paler downwards, with apical region farinose and pinkish to pink; context whitish, hollow; exannulate; universal veil saccate, thin, membranous, 20 - 40 × 15 - 25 mm, with both surfaces dirty white.
50 - 80 µm thick; suprapellis 20 - 30 µm thick, strongly gelatinized, comprising subradially arranged, filamentous hyphae 2 - 4 µm wide, thin-walled, subhyaline or sometimes with brownish vacuolar pigments; subpellis 30 - 50 µm thick, composed of subradially and compactly arranged, filamentous hyphae 5 - 12 µm wide, with brownish to brown, vacuolar pigments; vascular hyphae rare, 3 - 10 µm wide.
poorly rehydrating in specimens studied.
30 - 40 (-50) µm thick, with 2 - 3 layers of subglobose to ovoid or doliform, inflated cells, 12 - 20 × 10 - 15 µm, mixed with hardly inflated hyphal segments, 4 - 7 µm wide.
On pileus, excluding outer surface: composed of (very) abundant filamentous hyphae 2 - 8 µm wide, colorless hyaline, thin-walled, frequently branching, interwoven; inflated cells fairly abundant to abundant, subglobose to ovoid (60 - 100 × 50 - 80 µm) sometimes ellipsoid (65 - 100 × 20 - 50 µm) or sphaeropedunculate (60 - 70 × 40 - 5 µm), usually single and terminal, colorless hyaline, thin-walled; vascular hyphae rare, 3 - 12 µm wide. On pileus, outer surface: usually with more abundant filamentous hyphae than in interior. On stipe base, interior: composed of abundant to very abundant filamentous hyphae, 3 - 7 µm wide, colorless hyaline, thin-walled, branching and interwoven, sometimes anastomosing; inflated cells fairly abundant to abundant, subglobose to ovoid (30 - 70 × 25 - 60 µm) or ellipsoid (50 - 80 × 20 - 50 µm), hyaline, colorless or occasionally with brownish to yellowish contents, thin-walled, terminal, usually single, sometimes in chains of 2 - 3; vascular hyphae rare to scattered to locally conspicuous, 2 - 6 µm wide. On stipe base, outer surface: similar to the interior, but with more abundant filamentous hyphae. On stipe base, inner surface: strongly gelatinized, composed of filamentous hyphae 2 - 5 µm wide.
as sterile, somewhat gelatinized strip up to 200 µm wide in side view, composed of very abundant filamentous hyphae, 3 - 7 µm wide, hyaline, colorless or with yellowish contents, subparallel to lamella edge, mixed with abundant inflated cells, ovoid to subglobose (30 - 50 × 25 - 40 µm) to broadly ellipsoid (35 - 60 x 20 - 35 µm) or broadly clavate (40 - 55 × 20 - 25 µm), thin-walled, hyaline, colorless or sometimes with yellowish contents, terminal, single or in chains of 2 - 3; vascular hyphae rare.
from type study by Yang (2001: 284): [30/1/1] ((9.0-) 9.5 - 12.5 (-14.5) × 8.5 - 11.5 (-14.0) μm, (Q = 1.0 - 1.12 (-1.15); Q = 1.07 ± 0.04).
Composite of all material revised by Yang (2001):
[75/3/2] (8.5-) 9.0 - 12.0 (-14.5) × 8.0 - 11.0 (-14.0) μm, (Q = 1.0 - 1.16 (-1.25); Q = 1.08 ± 0.05), hyaline, colorless, smooth, thin-walled, inamyloid, globose to subglobose, infrequently broadly ellipsoid;
apiculus proportionately small; contents not recorded; color in deposit not recorded.
from Yang (2001):
On the ground, in broad-leaved forests.
from Yang (2001):
HAINAN—Ledong Li Autonomous Co. - Jianfengling, 20.viii.1999 M. S. Yuan 4373 (HKAS 34571). Changjiang Li Autonomous Co. - Bawangling, 27.vi.1995 X. L. Wu s.n. (HKAS 36701, two colored photos, no preserved exsiccata).
INDONESIA: JAVA—Tjibodas, 1908 F. von Höhnel s.n. (lectotype, herb. v. Höhnel => FH 4712, as "Amanitopsis vaginata var. pallidocarnea v. H.").
Unfortunately, the lectotype of A. pallidocarnea comprises only an imperfect fruitbody—about a quarter of the pileus connecting with the upper part of the stipe; the lower part of the stipe, and the volva on the stipe base are not preserved. A felty to submembranous, dirty white, volval remnant was found on the pileus (fig. 1).
Due to its basidiome with pink lamellae, and a saccate volva on the stipe base, features shared with the genus Volvariella, A. pallidocarnea was suspected of not being a member of the genus Amanita (Yang 1997: 102). Having studied the lectotype, and additional material, I found that it is an Amanita, and is characterized by its dark colored pileus with relative long striations along the pileal margin, its pink lamellae, pinkish stipe, globose to subglobose spores, and volval remnants with fairly abundant to abundant inflated cells.
Amanita vaginata var. roseilamellata Bresinsky, which was originally described from Germany, also has pinkish lamellae (Bresinsky & Einhellinger, 1987), but differs from A. pallidocarnea by its paler pileus, white to greyish stipe, and narrower spores. Furthermore, judging from the description and illustrations provided by Bresinsky & Einhellinger (1987), A. vaginata var. roseilamellata might have shorter striations along the pileal margin and a more strongly constructed volva with fewer inflated cells.
—Zhu L. Yang
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